The 26-year-old, who suffered a shoulder injury in the build up to London 2012 before breaking her thumb at the Games, claimed silver in the -78kg category at the ExCeL.
She hasn't competed since but has returned to training in Edinburgh after getting engaged to two-time Olympian and fellow judoka Euan Burton on New Year's Eve.
Abu Dhabi Grand Prix silver medallist Natalie Powell and Commonwealth champion Caroline Kinnane will also fight in the -78kg in Sheffield on January 20 with Gibbons relishing her comeback.
She said: "I'm really looking forward to returning after my time out through injury and it'll be great to return in front of a home crowd."
A host of London 2012 Olympians will compete in Sheffield with Colin Oates, who lost in the repechage to finish seventh in the capital, fighting in the -66kg category.
Ashley McKenzie will take to the mat in the -60kg, Danny Williams in the -73kg and Chris Sherrington, the heaviest member of Britain's London 2012 team, in the +100kg.
Two-time Olympian Sophie Cox will fight in the -57kg with former housemate Gemma Howell, who won three World Cup events last year, competing in the -63kg.
And visually impaired Sam Ingram, who won 90kg silver at the London 2012 Paralympic Games, will take on fully-sighted judokas in Sheffield.
He will fight in the -90kg alongside training partner Matthew Purssey and insists he isn't being put off by the challenge of going up against those fully sighted.
"I'm really looking forward to fighting in the British Championships once again," said Ingram. "I always enjoy the challenge of fighting fully sighted judoka and I can't wait to get back on the mat in front of a home crowd."