The Celtic youngster, 20, joined the Rugby Park outfit in the summer on a short-term deal until January in a bid to gain first-team experience.
Killie have endured a tough start to the campaign and sit second bottom of the Scottish Premiership with just two wins.
But defensive midfielder Irvine says he is learning plenty to take back to Parkhead with him regardless of results.
He said: "This is my first season in senior football and it was going to be difficult. To adjust from playing against boys to playing against men is always hard.
"I've played in pre-season friendlies for Celtic but you can't really compare that to competitive first-team games.
"It's been a really good experience for me and I'm learning every week. A lot of the senior players help you and that's all you can ask for.
"I'm learning each week and hopefully I will take that experience back with me.
"Sometimes it can seem like 'What was the point when you lost the majority of your games?'
"But whether you are winning games or losing games, you are still playing in those games and you can learn despite the result.
"You can learn from the negatives and you can learn from the positives. I'm enjoying it here and hopefully we can get a few good wins before the loan period is up."
Kilmarnock head into the weekend action aiming to halt a run of four successive defeats, including last week's 5-2 loss to Dundee United in the William Hill Scottish Cup.
Irvine said: "We've got a good mentality within the squad and we don't let the bad results affect the dressing room.
"We all just move our focus to next Saturday and that's the priority now. We have to focus on tightening up at the back and stop losing easy goals."
He does not believe confidence has been affected ahead of Saturday's clash at Ross County.
He added: "I can't speak for all the boys but as a collective I don't think the confidence has dropped at all.
"We still go into every game knowing we are capable of beating just about any team in this league on our day.
"We had two positive results against Hearts and Ross County in a row and then we were a bit unlucky at Inverness the following week.
"Each week, I still feel we give a really good account of ourselves and probably haven't deserved to lose as many games as we have.
"Hopefully we can get another positive result on Saturday to take into the Christmas period."