Beckford broke the deadlock after 11 minutes as he managed to stay onside before keeping his composure to slot past back-up goalkeeper David Button.
That took the striker's FA Cup haul to 16 goals for four different clubs in his just 19 games and ensured he had scored at this stage for the fourth successive year - a run which included a famous winner for Leeds over Manchester United at Old Trafford almost three years ago to the day.
Beckford continued to have a telling impact after the break as he was hauled down by last-man Dorian Dervite, who was subsequently dismissed for the trip.
On-loan forward Beckford was unavailable to play against parent club Leicester on New Year's Day when Huddersfield crashed to a 6-1 defeat but he was immediately recalled to the starting line-up.
And it took him just 11 minutes to make his mark in 2013 as he scored for the first time since the Terriers' last win against Barnsley in mid-November.
Adam Clayton picked out the striker inside the area and, with Button rooted to his line, Beckford had time to pick his spot and rifle home.
James Vaughan had a goal chalked off by the offside flag before Button denied the same player from point-blank range.
Dervite received his marching orders 12 minutes after the break when he pulled down Beckford, who was clean through on goal.
Huddersfield failed to make their man advantage really count with Yann Kermorgant unable to head on target in the closing stages as Simon Grayson's men held on to book their place in the fourth-round draw.