Anti-racism campaigners claimed Czech defender Theodor Gebre Selassie was the victim of monkey chants during Friday night's Group A game in Wroclaw, while fans were caught on camera attacking stewards in a walkway at the Municipal Stadium.
UEFA has decided to take action. A statement read: "UEFA has opened disciplinary proceedings against the Football Union of Russia for the improper conduct of its supporters at Friday's UEFA EURO 2012 match against the Czech Republic."
It continued: "After having looked at the security reports and available images, UEFA has announced that disciplinary proceedings have been opened against the Football Union of Russia (RFS) for the improper conduct of its supporters (crowd disturbances), the setting-off and throwing of fireworks and the display of illicit banners.
"The control and disciplinary body will review the case on Wednesday, June 13.
"In addition, regarding reports of alleged abuse directed at Czech Republic players from Russia fans, UEFA is investigating this further and is working with FARE to collect more evidence."
The FARE (Football Against Racism in Europe) network have confirmed one of their observers at the game heard "fleeting" racist abuse of Gebre Selassie.
Asked if it included monkey chants, FARE chief executive Piara Powar told Press Association Sport: "Our observer reported descriptions of that nature.
"It was directed at the Czech Republic's only black player."