If he does choose to end his international career, it will be on a low note after a 22-15 Six Nations defeat by Italy on Saturday.
Legendary back O'Driscoll, 34, was sent to the sin bin in the 29th minute after the referee decided he had brought his foot down on Simone Favaro's stomach during a ruck at the Stadio Olimpico.
A brief statement issued by tournament organisers confirmed that independent citing commissioner Aurwel Morgan has decided the incident warranted further scrutiny.
"O'Driscoll...has been cited by the Independent Citing Commissioner for an alleged stamping or trampling on an opponent, contrary to law 10.4 (b)," a statement said.
Details of the hearing will be announced later.
The match was Italy's first Six Nations victory over Ireland.
Ireland coach Declan Kidney said before the game that O'Driscoll, who has 60 caps, will be allowed to determine his playing future in his own time.
O'Driscoll's contract with the Irish Rugby Football Union expires in the summer. The summer Lions tour to Australia offers a fittingly-grand stage for his send-off, but injuries have taken their toll - he had to pass concussion protocols before the Italy game and also suffered a lacerated ear and dead leg in the 13-13 draw with France.
"Brian's playing really well. He's had a very strong Six Nations," Kidney said. "But it's for Brian to decide what happens next. He's earned the right to be able to have the time and space to make the decision."