Argentina international Tevez, 29, was banned from driving for six months over speeding offences in January.
But he was taken Macclesfield police station on Thursday evening after being stopped on the edge of the town.
A statement from Cheshire police said: "At 5.13pm on Thursday 7 March police arrested a 29-year-old man from Alderley Edge on the A538 in Macclesfield on suspicion of driving while disqualified. He has since been released on police bail."
If found guilty, the former Manchester United forward could go to prison.
The minimum sanction if convicted is a further driving ban and a hefty fine, although court guidelines recommend a custodial sentence if the offender has "shown disrespect to the court that imposed the original suspension".
In January Tevez had pleaded guilty to two counts of failing to supply the correct information over two speeding incidents. He was banned for six months and fined £1,540.
His legal team had told the magistrate that Tevez did not understand the meaning of the word 'constabulary' on official letters from the police.