Former Inter striker Balotelli was always likely to be the target of abuse for the Inter fans but reports in the Italian media suggest a section of supporters may have targeted him for his skin colour during Sunday night's game.
A Lega Serie A spokeswoman told Press Association Sport that the disciplinary council would rule on the events of the match at the San Siro among others from the weekend's fixture list in a meeting held in Milan on Tuesday afternoon.
The Gazzetta dello Sport also reported that inflatable bananas were waved at Balotelli by several Inter supporters during the match and, in the second half, Balotelli was seen to raise his finger to his lips in an apparent bid to silence his detractors.
If fans are adjudged to have directed discriminatory or racist language at Balotelli then Inter face a fine of at least 15,000 euros (£12,300). The club were fined that amount when Inter fans chanted racist songs about the striker during a recent league game against Chievo.
Inter president Massimo Moratti apologised afterwards while expressing his hope there would be no repeat in the derby.
That marked the second time that Balotelli had been the victim of racism without being present since he returned to Italy from Manchester City.
The first saw AC Milan vice-president Paolo Berlusconi - the younger brother of club owner Silvio - filmed at a political meeting in Monza near Milan describing Balotelli as "negretto della famiglia'' - translated as ''the family's little n****''.
That led to accusations of hypocrisy at the Rossoneri just four weeks after Silvio Berlusconi praised midfielder Kevin-Prince Boateng for walking off the pitch after he was racially abused during a friendly against Pro Patria.