The Brazilian, 25, scored when his team-mates returned the ball to the Danish side's goalkeeper from an uncontested drop-ball, levelling at 1-1.
He was widely condemned for the lack of sportsmanship, as were his team-mates when they refused to allow the hosts to re-take the lead from kick-off.
UEFA charged the former Internacional forward with "violation of the principles of conduct" according to article five of its disciplinary regulations, which can apply to a wide range of unsportsmanlike behaviour.
He will miss the Champions League Group E match against Juventus.
Shakhtar have already qualified for the last 16 after their 5-2 win in Copenhagen, but the Italian side need to avoid defeat to ensure they progress ahead of Chelsea.