Around 1,000 people were injured in the extraordinary riot, which took place when fans of local side Al-Masry clashed with fans of Cairo team Al-Ahly after Masry had beaten the away team 3-1.
Those killed were either crushed in the stampede to escape the stadium, caught in explosions or fell from the stadium walls, according to witnesses.
Police were subsequently accused of not having searched fans for weapons before what is always a volatile clash, then standing back and watching the chaos unfold.
The stadium's chief electrical engineer is also among those ordered to stand trial, with the failure of the lights moments after the final whistle thought to have contributed significantly to the carnage which followed.
"Those from the police among the defendants failed to take any measure... to maintain security, protect lives and property," prosecutors said in a statement after conducting interviews with suspects - including some who have confessed - and reviewing video footage.
The statement added that the violence was planned in advance by 'Ultra' fans of Al-Masry who took weapons - including knives, rocks and explosives - to the game.
Many in Egypt believe the violence was allowed to happen by authorities looking to punish Al-Ahly Ultras for their part in last year's revolution that ousted former president Hosny Mubarak and in subsequent demonstrations.